Solution Architect Q&A Series 2

Solution Architect Q&A Series 2

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Need for requirement analysis?

Requirements analysis, also called requirements engineering, is the process of determining user expectations for a new or modified product. These features, called requirements, must be quantifiable, relevant, and detailed. In software engineering, such requirements are often called functional specifications.

What is meant by Functional Requirements?

Functional requirements are product features or functions that developers must implement to enable users to accomplish their tasks. So, it's important to make them clear both for the development team and the stakeholders. Generally, functional requirements describe system behavior under specific conditions.

Why do you need functional requirements?

A functional requirement document helps you to define the functionality of a system or one of its subsystems. Functional requirements along with requirement analysis help identify missing requirements. They help clearly define the expected system service and behavior.

What are the main functional requirements?

Functional requirements may involve calculations, technical details, data manipulation and processing, and other specific functionality that define what a system is supposed to accomplish. Behavioral requirements describe all the cases where the system uses the functional requirements, these are captured in use cases.

Why do we need functional and non-functional requirements?

Functional requirements define how the system must work and non-functional requirements detail how it should perform. Without functional requirements, the system will not work. Without at least some non-functional requirements being met to a certain level, users will become frustrated.

What are the two types of requirements needed for analysis?

There are two sub-types of Solution Requirements: Functional Requirements: This type of solution requirement describes how the solution must behave. ... Non-functional Requirements: The non-functional requirement type of solution requirement describes the characteristics that you want the system to have.

What are the 4 types of requirements?

  • Functional Requirements.
  • Performance Requirements.
  • System Technical Requirements.
  • Specifications.

Difference between Functional and non-functional requirements?

Functional requirements explain how the system must work, while non-functional requirements explain how the system should perform.

Does my system need non-functional requirements?

To simply operate, the system does not need non-functional requirements to be met. To work in a manner that the user expects, it will likely need some non-functional requirements to be met.

Is performance a functional requirement?

Performance is not a functional requirement. It is considered a quality attribute, so it is a non-functional requirement.

Why should I document requirements?

Documenting requirements ensure everyone is clear on what the system must do and how it must perform. Clarifying these points ensures the software engineering project can run on time and to budget and avoid disappointment.

Should I include diagrams in a functional requirements document?

It is not 100% essential to include diagrams in a functional requirements document. However, diagrams can help improve understanding of how a system works so can be very useful for clarification purposes. Diagrams are especially useful for explaining processes.

How can I get help with defining functional and non-functional requirements?

Helping to bring ideas into reality through software engineering is what Enkonix does day-in-day-out. We help shape a concept by linking the strategy, design, and engineering elements. This includes developing clear functional requirements. Why not contact us today to see how we can help with your functional and non-functional requirements?

What are functional requirements in business analysis?

Functional Requirements in business analysis describe the functionalities of software or a product. These are the functions that the system must perform to fulfill the business requirements.

What is the need for non-functional requirements?

Non-Functional Requirements (NFR) define system attributes such as security, reliability, performance, maintainability, scalability, and user-friendliness. They serve as constraints or restrictions to the design of the system through the various arrears.

Why does the need arise for non-functional requirements?

The importance of non-functional requirements stems from the fact that they can make or break the success of a software system or a product. Users will not hesitate to outrightly reject a system even if it meets all expected functional requirements but fail to deliver the required quality outcomes.

What are the three levels of requirements?

  1. Business Requirements. Business Requirements are high-level requirements that express the objectives and desired outcomes of an organization. ...
  2. Functional Requirements. ...
  3. Stakeholder Requirements.

Non-Functional Requirements Examples?

  • Each page must load within 2 seconds.
  • The process must finish within 3 hours so data is available by 8 a.m. local time after an overnight update.
  • The system must meet Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG 2.1.
  • Database security must meet HIPAA requirements.
  • Users shall be prompted to provide an electronic signature before loading a new page.

All of these add more specific restrictions or instructions to what would be functional requirements. Where the functional requirement defines the β€œwhat,” it often needs an NFR to define the β€œhow.” So you might see something like:

  1. Functional requirement: When an order is fulfilled, the local printer shall print a packing slip.
  2. Non-Functional Requirement: Packing slips shall be printed on both sides of 4”x 6” white paper, the standard size for packing slips used by local printers.

How do you gather functional requirements?

A 6-Step Requirements Gathering Process

  1. Identify the relevant stakeholders.
  2. Establish project goals and objectives.
  3. Elicit requirements from stakeholders.
  4. Document the requirements.
  5. Confirm the requirements.
  6. Prioritize the requirements.

Functional Vs Non-Functional Requirements?


Non-functional requirements example 1:

Non-functional requirements examples help to better understand what these are. Here are some examples:

  • Speed – how fast the system performs certain activities.

  • Availability – for how much of the time the system is available e.g. does it operate overnight, or every day of the year, or not.

  • Capacity – what the limits are of what the system is able to handle.

  • Reliability – how dependable the system is.

  • Usability – How easy the system is to use for the customer or end-user.

Exploring this concept in greater detail, non-functional requirements examples might include:

  1. The time taken for a specific page to load?
  2. The speed within which certain requests must be processed. ?
  3. The level of availability the system should have. ?
  4. Which functions can be performed at different times, and when maintenance will be carried out. ?
  5. How many users the system can handle concurrently. ?

Who creates functional requirements?

It's the sole responsibility of a Business Analyst to elicit and document the functional requirements in a Functional requirement specification (FRS) document / Functional Specification Document (FSD) / Use case / User story.

Is a functional requirement a business requirement?

The difference between the two types of requirements lies in the question they answer. Business requirements define what a company needs (the objective), while functional requirements deal with how the company will achieve it.

What is the requirements management process?

Requirements Management is the process of gathering, analyzing, verifying, and validating the needs and requirements for the given product or system being developed. Successful requirements management ensures that completed deliverables meet the expectations of the stakeholders.

solution Architect to create architecture - Diagram Tools?

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I prefer EdrawMax 😊

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Precise functional and non-functional requirements are essential to reduce development costs because, when the requirements are clear, the team can develop the project much faster. The difference between functional and non-functional requirements is as follows:

Functional requirements are easy to define because the business idea drives them. They include all the features of your future project and the ways users engage with it.

Experience drives Non-functional requirements. In order, to identify them, you need to analyze the product's performance and make it convenient and useful. Such requirements may appear when the product is being used on a regular basis.

In this way, while functional requirements describe what the system does, non-functional requirements describe how the system works.

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